Indian Garland

Flowers, leaves and their delicacy strung into garlands have always had a special place in Indian culture and are an important medium to convey sentiments of purity, love, beauty and peace. Indian flower garlands are an integral part of various festivals, occasions and prayers in India and across the world. They are made with a variety of flowers, like marigolds, lotus, jasmine, orchids, roses and tuberoses. Moreover, they are also adorned with other ceremonial items and even Rupee notes to make it more unique and auspicious.

Various types of flowers are used to create these colorful accessories, which are meticulously crafted by skilled artisans. The blossoms are selected and their stems removed to make them light and pliable enough to be worn around the neck. Then they are threaded into a garland using a wire or thread. The garlands are worn as adornments, wreaths or head adornments (gajra) and are a popular way to show one’s devotion at the local temple or to celebrate a special occasion.

They are also used to decorate the house for a new year or a wedding. Especially, in Hindu weddings, the varmala or the bridal flower garland is very important as it symbolizes the union of two souls and brings good luck to the couple. Varmala is exchanged between the bride and groom during the wedding ceremony after they have met each other for the first time.

The Importance of an Indian Garland

Traditionally, Indian flower garlands are made of white or red roses and other similar flowers. Nowadays, it has become quite a trend to match the garlands with the color of the outfits of the bride and groom as well as with the other floral decorations used in the Mandap.

Apart from flower garlands, a variety of herbs and grasses are also used to make a variety of religious and secular ornaments. For instance, tulasi (holy basil) is the preferred offering for Krishna and Vishnu, vilvam (bael) for Shiva, arugampul (Bermuda grass) for Ganesha, and neem leaves for Mariamman. These floral offerings are considered as prasadam and are distributed to devotees after the puja is over.

The art of making an Indian flower garland has been passed down generations. It is a delicate process and requires a lot of practice and skill. In addition, it is important to choose the appropriate blossoms and select those that are fresh, fragrant and vibrant in color. Besides this, the size and weight of the garland is another important factor to consider. Ideally, the garland should not be too heavy, as it can obscure the face and dress of the bride. It should also be light enough to wear for a long duration of time.

An indian garland, or “varmala,” transcends cultural significance, symbolizing unity, love, and respect. Woven with vibrant flowers, it adorns auspicious occasions like weddings and religious ceremonies, fostering a connection between tradition and emotions. The sacred garland encapsulates the rich tapestry of Indian rituals, radiating spiritual and cultural importance.

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